The DARWIN (DAzzling Realization of dWarf galaxies In the Next generation of cosmological hydrodynamic simulations) project has been launched under the collaboration of more than 20 young scientists from seven institutes in Korea since 2022. The DARWIN project aims at simulating the formation and evolution of dwarf galaxies, a key probe for testing both the galaxy formation models and standard cosmology, with a high resolution based on state-of-the-art physical ingredients in a cosmological context using gigantic computing resources.

The DARWIN project will investigate the evolution and formation of dwarf galaxies using three-step simulations by zooming-in from cosmological scale to several environments with ~100pc resolution, and finally to single dwarf galaxies with <10pc resolution. To achieve this goal, it will use a heavily modified version of the RAMSES hydrodynamic code with the MPI+OMP+GPU parallelism and the next-generation supercomputer at Korea Insitute of Science and Technology Information.

Concept diagram of DARWIN three-step simulations